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Equal Dignity without Discrimination

Photography by Ken Stein

The 1970’s and 1980’s were a time when people with disabilities tasted and enjoyed the first fruits of Independent Living; of the 1977 implementation of both Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA); of deinstitutionalization; of sexuality and parenting; and of integration in the community, in education, and in civic and public life.

It was also a time when disability advocates and activists all over the country took to their legislatures, to the courts, and to the streets, demanding equal access and non-discrimination in areas not covered by 504 – in stores, restaurants, hotels, access to housing, public transit, and private employment. Culminating in 1990 with the successful passage of the ADA, when for the first time in history, people with disabilities were granted their civil rights in virtually all areas of public life.

The photos in this exhibit, by photographer Ken Stein, depict images of a world in revolutionary transition; a world embracing equal dignity without discrimination.

Black & white photo of kids sitting on tables and chairs. One is holding  a pair of leg braces.

Berkeley school kids examining mid-century orthotics, K.I.D.S. Project, ca 1987. The K.I.D.S. Project taught disability awareness to primary aged school children.

Black & white photo of two kids playing carems outdoors. One is standing and one is in a wheelchair.

Kids Playing Carems – City of Berkeley After-School Recreation Program, CA 1983.

Black & white photo of a woman in a wheelchair smiling at the camera and her daughter standing behind her, also smiling.

Single Mother Sharon Hamner and daughter Cindy, 1979. Sharon was struck by a car and killed in August 1979, while having to cross a street to a mid-block driveway. There were no curb cuts at the intersection where she was crossing. Police issued no citations, citing the fact that her wheelchair had no lighting devices or reflective tape. See: A Gift of History – The High Cost of No Curb Ramps: Remembering Sharon Hamner

Black & white photo of CIL Employee Jerry Wolf at the UC Art Museum.

Early CIL Employee Jerry Wolf at the UC Art Museum, 1980.

Black & white photo of two kids in wheelchairs and painted faces playing in the grass. There is someone pushing one of the wheelchairs.

City of Berkeley Recreation Department Sumer Day Camp Program, 1983.

Black & white photo of two people installing a curb cut in the sidewalk.

City of Berkeley installing an upgraded curb ramp on Shattuck Avenue, Berkeley CA 1985.

Two women standing in front of a chalkboard. One is siging something with her hands and the other is feeling her hands.

A deaf woman and blind woman in conversation. Lois Smiley and Kathy Martinez, K.I.D.S. Project (Keys to Introducing Disabilities in the Schools), 1987. 

Black & white photo of a man in a wheelchair holding a baby and laughing. There's a woman standing next to him, smiling at the camera.

Michael B. Williams (aka "Quasimodo" in Grassroots Newspaper), an early CIL employee and chronicler of the Berkeley Independent Living Movement. Pictured with his wife Carole Krezman, and son Malcom, 1985.

Photo of the "Equal Dignity Without Discrimination" exhibit at the Oakland Airport.

Equal Dignity Without Discrimination exhibit on display at the Oakland Airport.

About CIL

Founded in 1972, The Center for Independent Living (CIL) was the first independent living center in the country and the nation’s first disability rights advocacy group organized and operated by persons with disabilities. CIL became the center of the emerging independent living movement, based on the principle that people with disabilities are entitled to the same civil rights, options, and control over choices in their lives as people without disabilities.

For over fifty years, we have provided advocacy, programming and services for people with diverse disabilities; who are non-ambulatory or have reduced mobility; visual and hearing impairment; cognitive, psychiatric, and neurological disabilities; chronic illness; and reduced capacity due to aging.

CIL's CORE Services are the programs that our organization was founded upon, including advocacy, counseling, housing assistance, and information and referral services. Since the organization’s birth 50 years ago, our programs have expanded to include Assistive Technology, Residential Access, Emergency Preparedness and Resiliency, Transportation Training, Living Well (Peer Counseling for Seniors), Youth Programs, and more!

The Photographer

For the past half century Ken Stein has actively worked to further the cause of Independent Living, Disability Access, and Disability Rights. From 1971-73 he was an early staff member of Bonita House, Berkeley's first Halfway House for persons diagnosed with psychiatric disabilities; and before that was a volunteer at Napa State Mental Hospital.


He began working at Berkeley’s Center for Independent Living in 1974, and was the Program Administrator at the City of S.F. Mayor's Office on Disability from 2002 to his retirement in 2013. For the ten years prior, he was the Manager of the National U.S. Department of Justice ADA Information Hotline at DREDF  (The Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund).


Over the past six decades, Ken’s speaking, writing, photography, and collection of artifacts have greatly informed and given voice to the history of the Bay Area Disability Rights Movement.

Photo of Ken Stein.

Ken’s disability rights historical photos have appeared in college textbooks and a wide variety of local, regional and national publications, from Ms. Magazine to the Christian Science Monitor. In 2007, his photos were the centerpiece of a six month photo exhibit: “Berkeley’s ‘Other’ Revolution: Celebrating 35 Years of Independent Living, Disability Access, and Disability Rights” in the windows of Rasputin Music on Telegraph Avenue, commemorating CIL's 35th Anniversary, the 30th Anniversary of the 504 Demonstration, and honoring the Bay Area’s place as the birthplace and longtime spiritual center of the Independent Living Movement.


In June 2008 he was the featured photographer and keynote speaker at "History, Progress, Transformation: Vision of the Future," a disability rights history photography exhibit at the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery in Washington D.C. One of his disability rights demonstration photos – of Adam Bertaina –  is in the collection of the National Civil Rights Museum at the site of the Lorraine Motel.


Prior to his retirement 10 years ago years ago, in his 43 year work-life in a number of Bay Area disability access and disability rights organizations, he provided information, referral and technical assistance to over 69,000 individuals, organizations, and public and private entities about their rights and obligations under state and federal disability civil rights laws. (Each of the calls had to be logged!).


While at DREDF, he developed and was Project Director of the Disability Civil Rights History Project, a landmark model project that taught disability rights history to primary and middle school students in the Berkeley public schools. And for ten years with the City of SF, he assisted in municipal public policy development.


Ken’s ‘504’ picket sign was previously on display in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History’s in-person and virtual exhibit, ‘The Disability Rights Movement’ adjacent to the Greensboro Mississippi Lunch Counter; and is currently on display – for the next 15 years – at the Smithsonian American Museum of History “Democracy Now: A Giant Leap of Faith” exhibition.


In 1996-97, he organized and was the Steering Committee Chair of The 504 Sit-In 20th Anniversary Celebration and Commemoration. In conjunction with that Anniversary event held at the Bill Graham Civic Auditorium, the Committee – which served a free dinner to over 650 people! – produced a commemorative book, an 18 minute Video documentary (“The Power of 504”) and the 58 minute radio documentary, “We Shall Not Be Moved”.


In 2000, his oral history from the "Disabled Persons Independent Living Movement Project" was published by UC Berkeley’s Regional Oral History Office in the volume, “Builders and Sustainers of the Independent Living Movement in Berkeley.”


In recent years, Ken has has been a consultant and contributor to film and video projects, and has been a panelist on a number of disability rights history and disability awareness panels. 

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